The very high angular resolution of Earth-based cm-wave VLBI can be
increased further in two ways, either by using longer baselines
or by observing at shorter wavelengths. The first approach leads
to "space-VLBI" (VLBI with one or more orbiting antennas),
the second approach to "millimeter-VLBI" (mm-VLBI). In the more
distant future, both techniques may be combined. This would lead
to space-VLBI at millimeter wavelenghts ("mm-space-VLBI"). To date
regular space-VLBI observations (e.g with the RadioAstron mission) are
possible at 18cm, 6cm and 1.3cm wavelength.
Millimeter VLBI offers a much higher angular resolution than ground or space based VLBI at centimeter wavelengths and has another very significant advantage: in the spectral mm-bands it is possible to study emission regions which appear self-absorbed (and are therefore invisible) at longer wavelengths. This can have important consequences for our understanding, e.g. of the physical processes in Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN) and in the vicinity of supermassive Black Holes.
After years of continuous development and technical improvement, mm-VLBI is now able to provide good quality images in the 3mm band, with an angular resolution of typically 50-70 micro-arcseconds. At shorter wavelengths the VLBI technique is still in its development stage and not available to the broader community (e.g. 1.3mm VLBI with the EHT at 230 GHz). Global mm-VLBI allows compact galactic and extragalactic radio sources to be imaged DIRECTLY with an angular resolution which is unsurpassed by any other present astronomical imaging method.
The "Global mm-VLBI Array" has been set up by a group of radio observatories interested in performing astronomical VLBI observations at millimeter wavelengths and with open access for the scientific community. The intention is that this "network" should perform regular, coordinated global VLBI observations in the 3mm band. As a successor to the former CMVA (Coordinated Millimeter VLBI Array), the new "Global mm-VLBI Array" offers to the User Community more and larger telescopes, and hence improved sensitivity and better quality in the resulting VLBI images.
As the success of the "Global mm-VLBI Array" depends on the scientific results it will produce, we invite all interested scientists to make use of it. Please see the other documents and links on this web page for further and more detailed information.